How Does Draping Work? Overview and History
A draped design is a three-dimensional representation of a clothing design. Mesopotamia and Ancient Egypt practiced draping clothing as early as 3500 BCE. Heaton, chiton, peplos, and chlamys were clothed in draped silhouettes introduced by Greek fashion. An ancient Greek toga was draped, while a modern fitted garment is sewn together and worn close to the body.
An ancient Greek garment was either draped or fitted, with a fitted garment being sewn together and worn close to the body. The draping process can be used to pattern both fitted and draped garments in today’s fashion world. Several famous designers have employed drapery, beginning with Madame Grès, who was known as the “Queen of the Drape”. Grecian-inspired silk jersey dresses comprised of 70 yards of silk jersey each, expertly draped and executed by the designer.
Dress forms are different from live models since both Madame Grès and Pauline Trigère draped their designs directly on live models. As a contrast, Madeleine Vionnet initially tested her designs on a miniature mannequin rather than on a full-size form. It is Vionnet’s mastery of the “bias cut,” however, that makes her designs so sensual and inspirational to designers to this day.
WHAT IS THE FIRST STEP?
Using a dress form and learning to drape are two of the great beginner lessons we offer at the University of Fashion. Even though most fashion companies no longer use draping clothing in the design process, it is still an essential skill that gives apparel designers an understanding of how to create a great fit. As far as fitting a garment sample is concerned, a designer who is familiar with how darts and seams give shape to garments can identify what is causing the problem and suggest how to fix it.
While draping clothing isn’t entirely lost, fashion houses, evening gowns, and lingerie companies still create most clothing through draping. An apparel designer can immediately see how her clothing design will look on the human body when draping it and can correct any fit or design issues before putting anything on paper. A number of apparel designs can only be fabricated via draped pattern making and cannot be made with flat patterns. To understand how certain fabrics behave, you should experiment with them on a dress form.
Fabrics and clothes should reflect our lifestyle, and many different fabrics are suitable for active lifestyles such as stretchy knits, georgettes, chiffon, organza, sheer cotton, voiles, and lightweight silk fabrics. In order to create sophisticated draped garments, drape ability is imperative. The fabrics that are most suitable for draped garments are very light to medium weight.
Weaved goods are typically draped in muslin or similar inexpensive fabric with a much more visible grain and cross-grain. Muslin should have the same texture and character as the fabric used for manufacturing the garment. Natural or synthetic silk, as well as knitted cloth, will drape well with soft muslin. It is similar to the draping qualities of wool and medium-weight cotton when made of medium-weight muslin.
Heavyweight wool or cotton will drape better with coarse muslin. In addition, canvas muslin simulates the drape of denim or faux fur as well as heavy fabrics. Before beginning any draping clothing steps, consider the wide selection of fabrics that are available. Fabric selection greatly affects the final appearance of a garment. To create the proper ease, hand feel, and balance of the garment or pattern drape, analyze and understand the structure and characteristics of the fabric. Be enthusiastic about your designs and have a keen sense of fashion.
Wearing knitted clothing should be done with a cheaper knit fabric. Sample knits are not stretchier than the fabric selected for the finished garment, but they must have the same stretch value. Drape the front basic pattern or garment on the right side of the front dress form. Any garment can be fitted and draped according to this method, but it’s the standard. Putting it simply, draping clothing refers to how the fabric drapes in a dress form as well as on the body.
Draping tools and equipment:
There are dress forms available in sizes like US8, US10, US12. Tools needed: clothes scissors, armhole curve, graduated-square, pins, chalk, pencils, sharpeners, notches, French curves, twill tape, ruler, hip curve, sleeve curvature, and graduation.
Designing draping patterns
In fashion draping, loosely hanging material is used to make a flowing effect by stitching the garment. Basic sloper patterns (master patterns) are sometimes also used in creating draped and stylized garments. The sloper is also used to construct sleeves. Designing and producing a specific dress is a result of drape pattern making. A designer sketches a garment that becomes a three-dimensional functional garment.
A draper/designer manipulates, molds, and shapes a fabric using their hand skills until the design is reproduced in three-dimensional form as the draper/designer interprets the design. When draping clothing is created, it does not require the aid of patterns, although professional drapers may combine parts of an existing pattern in the preparation of muslin to assist with construction. Although some of the elements of draping may be included in specific designs created via the flat pattern-making method.
As a result, neither method is less valuable, but the artist is better able to create accurate and precise patterns in a timely manner. Although it can be draped, the results would be ambiguous.
If the fabrics are to be draped on dress forms, they should be draped as follows:
- 1. Fabric GSM (Weight)
- Fabric’s bias or selvage
- Mock-ups of fabric, pattern, and texture
- It helps designers locate seams and apply them to finish.
Designers should have a dress form in their studios. In order to make innovative and new garments, it is mostly used to drape fabric. A proper fit is always checked with it. Modern fashion design programs, academic institutions, and colleges teach draping techniques. Therefore, students will be able to easily understand the basics of draping and will be able to make more fashionable clothes.
Women prefer wearing garments with draped detail in modern times. Dramatic costumes use fashion draping a lot. Fashion technocrats are responsible for evening wear, stage wear, and party wear. Draping clothing normally takes a little bit more time than usual, but with practice in less time, it becomes easier and more customers will be pleased with accurate draped dresses.